Publications

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2017 Go back to top

Thomas, S., Ravishankaran, S., Justin, N.A.J.A., Asokan, A., Mathai, M.T., Valecha, N., Montgomery, J., Thomas, M.B., Eapen, A. (2017). Resting and feeding preferences of Anopheles stephensi in an urban setting, perennial for malaria. Malaria Journal 16: 111. DOI 10.1186/s12936-017-1764-5. 

Beck-Johnson, L.M., Nelson, W.A., Paaijmans, K.P., Read, A.F., Thomas, M.B. & Bjornstad, O.N. (2017). The importance of temperature fluctuations in understanding mosquito population dynamics and malaria risk. Royal Society Open Science 4: 160969. 

Barreaux, A.M.G., Barreaux, P., Thomas, M.B. & Koella, J.C. (2017). Inoculating Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes with beads to induce and measure the melanization immune response. Journal of Visualized Experiments: e55013-e55013.

Waite, J.L., Swain, S., Lynch, P.A., Sharma, S.K., Haque, M.A., Montgomery, J. & Thomas, M.B. (2017). Increasing the potential for malaria elimination by targeting zoophilic vectors. Scientific Reports 7:40551 


2016 Go back to top

Waite, J.L., Lynch, P.A. & Thomas, M.B.(2016). Eave tubes for malaria control in Africa: a modelling assessment of potential impact on transmission. Malaria Journal 15(1),449

Sternberg, E.D., Ng’habi, K.R., Lyimo, I.N., Kessy, S.T., Farenhorst, M., Thomas, M.B., Knols, B.G.J., & Mnyone, L.L. (2016). Eave tubes for malaria control in Africa: initial development and semi-field evaluations in Tanzania. Malaria Journal 15(1),447

Knols, B.G.J., Farenhorst, M., Andriessen, R., Snetselaar, J., Suer, R.A., Osinga, A.J., Knols, J.M.H., Deschietere, J., Ng’habi, K.R., Lyimo, I.N., Kessy, S.T., Mayagaya, V.S., Sperling, S., Cordel, M., Sternberg, E.D., Hartmann, P., Mnyone, L.L., Rose, A., Thomas, M.B. (2016). Eave tubes for malaria control in Africa: an introduction. Malaria Journal15(1),404

Thomas, M.B. & Read, A.F. (2016). The threat (or not) of insecticide resistance for malaria control. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Shapiro, L.L.M., Murdock, C.C., Jacobs, G.R., Thomas, R.L. & Thomas, M.B. (2016). Larval food quantity affects the capacity of adult mosquitoes to transmit human malaria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 283:20160298.

Murdock, C.C., Sternberg, E.D. & Thomas, M.B. (2016). Malaria transmission potential could be reduced with current and future climate change. Scientific Reports 6:27771.

Thomas, S., Ravishankaran, S., Justin, J.A., Aswin, A., Mathai, M.T., Valecha, N., Thomas, M.B. & Eapen, A. (2016). Overhead tank is the potential breeding habitat of Anopheles stephensi in an urban transmission setting of Chennai, India. Malaria Journal 15:274.

Paini, D.R., Sheppard, A.W., Cook, D.C., De Barro, P.J., Worner, S.P. & Thomas, M.B. (2016). The global threat to agriculture from invasive species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (Early edition).

Ohm, J.R., Teeple, J., Nelson, W.A., Thomas, M.B., Read, A.F., Cator, L.J. (2016). Fitness consequences of altered feeding behavior in immune-challenged mosquitoes. Parasites & Vectors 9:113.


2015 Go back to top

Heinig, R.L., Paaijmans, K.P., Hancock, P.A. & Thomas, M.B. (2015). The potential for fungal biopesticides to reduce malaria transmission under diverse environmental conditions. Journal of Applied Ecology 52: 1558-1566. 

Conn, J.E., Norris, D.E., Donnelly, M.J., Beebe, N.W., Burkot, T.R.,  Mamadou B. Coulibaly, M.B., Chery, L., Eapen, A., Keven, J.B., Kilama, M., Kumar, A., Lindsay, S.W., Moreno, M., Quinones, M., Reimer, L.J., Russell, T.L.,  Smith, D.L., Thomas, M.B., Walker, E.D., Wilson, M.L. & Yan, G. (2015). Entomological monitoring and evaluation: diverse transmission settings of ICEMR projects will require local and regional elimination strategies. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 93 (3 Suppl): 28-41.

Cator, L.J., Pietri, J.E., Murdock, C.C., Ohm, J.R., Lewis, E., Read, A.F., Luckhart, S. & Thomas, M.B. (2015).  Immune response and insulin signaling alter mosquito feeding behaviour to enhance malaria transmission potential. Nature Scientific Reports 5: 11947. 

Acharya, N., Rajotte, E.G., Jenkins,N.E. & Thomas, M.B. (2015). Influence of biotic and abiotic factors on the persistence of a Beauveria bassiana biopesticide in laboratory and high-rise poultry house settings. Biocontrol Science and Technology 250: 697-715.

Chen, S., Fleischer, S.J., Saunders, M.C. & Thomas, M.B. (2015). The influence of diurnal temperature variation on degree-day accumulation and insect life history. PLoS One. 10(3): e0120772.

Parham, P.E., Waldock, J., Christophides, G.K., Hemming, D., Folashade, A., Evans, K.J., Fefferman, N., Gaff, H., Gumel, A., LaDeau, S., Lenhart, S., Mickens, R.E., Naumova, E.N., Ostfeld, R.S., Ready, P.D., Thomas, M.B., Velasco-Hernandez, J. & Michael, E. (2015). Climate, environmental and socio-economic change: weighing up the balance in vector-borne disease transmission. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 370: 20130551. 

Acharya, N., Seliga, R.A., Rajotte, E.G., Jenkins, N.E. & Thomas, M.B. (2015). Persistence and efficacy of a Beauveria bassiana biopesticide against the house fly, Musca domestica, on typical structural substrates of poultry houses. Biocontrol Science and Technology 1-41.

Heinig, R.L. & Thomas, M.B. (2015). Interactions between a fungal entomopathogen and malaria parasites within a mosquito vector. Malaria Journal 14:22


2014 Go back to top

Sternberg, E.D., Waite, J.L. & Thomas, M.B. (2014). Evaluating the efficacy of biological and conventional insecticides with the new ‘MCD bottle’ bioassay. Malaria Journal 13:499

Acharya, N., Rajotte, E. G., Jenkins, N. E. & Thomas, M. B. (2014). Potential for biocontrol of house flies using fungal biopesticides. Biocontrol Science and Technology 1-25.

Moller-Jacobs, L.L., Murdock, C.C. & Thomas, M.B. (2014). Capacity of mosquitoes to transmit malaria depends on larval environment. Parasites and Vectors 7: 593

Glunt, K.D., Paaijmans, K.P., Read, A.F. & Thomas, M.B. (2014). Environmental temperatures significantly change the impact of insecticides measured using WHOPES protocols. Malaria Journal 13: 350

George, J., Blanford, S., Thomas, M.B. & Baker, T.C. (2014). Malaria mosquitoes host-locate and feed upon caterpillars. PLoS One 9: e108894. 

Paaijmans, K.P., Blanford, J.I., Crane, R.G., Mann, M.E., Ning, L., Schreiber, K.V. & Thomas, M.B. (2014). Downscaling reveals diverse effects of anthropogenic climate warming on the potential for local environments to support malaria transmission. Climatic Change

Murdock, C.C., Luckhart, S. & Thomas, M.B. (2014). Ambient temperature and dietary supplementation interact to shape mosquito vector competence for malaria. Journal of Insect Physiology 67: 37-44. 

Cator, L.J., Lynch, P.A., Thomas, M.B. & Read, A.F. (2014). Alterations in mosquito behaviour by malaria parasites: potential impact on force of infection. Malaria Journal 13: 164. 

Sternberg, E.D. & Thomas, M.B. (2014). Local adaptation to temperature and the implications for vector-borne diseases. Trends in Parasitology 30: 115-122. 

Murdock, C.C., Blanford, S., Hughes, G.L., Rasgon, J.L. & Thomas, M.B. (2014). Temperature alters Plasmodium blocking by WolbachiaNature Scientific Reports doi:10.1038/srep03932. 


2013 Go back to top

Beck-Johnson, L.M., Paaijmans, K.P., Nelson, W.A., Read, A.F., Thomas, M.B. & Bjornstad, O.N. (2013). The effect of temperature on Anopheles mosquito population dynamics and the potential for malaria transmission. PLoS One 8: e79276. 

Murdock, C.C., Moller-Jacobs, L.L. & Thomas, M.B. (2013). Complex environmental drivers of immunity and resistance in malaria mosquitoes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B.

Thomas, M.B. (2013). Community Corner: Modulating Malaria with Wolbachia. Nature Medicine 19: 974-975.

Cator, L.J., George, J., Blanford, S., Murdock, C.C., Baker, T.C., Read, A.F. & Thomas, M.B. (2013). ‘Manipulation’ without the parasite: altered feeding behaviour of mosquitoes is not dependent on infection with malaria parasites. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B.

Paaijmans, K.P., Heinig, R.L., Seliga, R.A., Blanford, J.I., Blanford, S.B., Murdock, C.C. & Thomas, M.B. (2013).  Temperature variation makes ectotherms more sensitive to climate change.  Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/gcb.12240.

George J., Blanford, S., Jenkins. N.E, Thomas, M.B. & Baker T.C. (2013). Mosquitoes attracted by fatal fungus. PLoS One 8 (5): e62632.

Chen, S., Blanford, J.I., Fleischer, S.J., Hutchinson, M., Saunders, M.C. & Thomas, M.B. (2013). Estimating West Nile virus transmission period in Pennsylvania using an optimized degree-day model. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases

Anderson, R.D., Blanford, S., Jenkins, N.E. & Thomas, M.B. (2013). Discriminating fever behavior in houseflies. PLoS One 8(4): e62269.

Cator, L.J., Thomas, S., Paaijmans, K.P., Ravishankaran, S., Justin, J.A., Mathai, M.T., Read, A.F., Thomas, M.B. & Eapen, A. (2013). Characterizing microclimate in urban transmission settings: a case study from Chennai, India. Malaria Journal 12: 84.

Blanford, J.I., Blanford, S., Crane, R.G., Mann, M.E., Paaijmans, K.P., Schreiber, K.V. & Thomas, M.B. (2013).  Implications of temperature variation for malaria parasite development across Africa. Nature Scientific Reports 3: 1300.

Paaijmans, K.P., Cator, L.J. & Thomas, M.B. (2013). Temperature-dependent pre-bloodmeal period and temperature-driven asynchrony between parasite development and mosquito biting rate reduce malaria transmission intensity. PLoS One 8(1): e55777

Anderson, R.D., Blanford, S. & Thomas, M.B. (2013). House flies delay fungal infection by fevering – at a cost. Ecological Entomology 38: 1-10.


2012 Go back to top

Paaijmans, K.P. & Thomas, M.B. (2012). Relevant temperature in mosquito and malaria biology. In: Ecology and control of vector-borne diseases (Vol. 3): Ecology of vector-parasite interactions (W Takken & CJM Koenraadt, eds.). Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, pp 103-122.

Lynch, P.A., Grimm, U., Thomas, M.B. & Read, A.F. (2012). Prospective malaria control using entomopathogenic fungi: comparative evaluation of impact on transmission and selection for resistance. Malaria Journal.

Murdock, C.C., Paaijmans, K.P., Read, A.F., Cox-Foster, D. & Thomas, M.B. (2012). Rethinking vector immunology: the role of environmental temperature in shaping resistance. Nature Reviews Microbiology 10: 869-876.

Blanford, S., Jenkins, N.E., Christian, R., Chan, B.H.K., Luisa, N., Michael, O., Koekemoer, L., Coetzee, M., Read, A.F. & Thomas, M.B. (2012). Storage and persistence of a candidate fungal biopesticide for use against adult malaria vectors. Malaria Journal 11: 354.

Blanford, S., Jenkins, N.E., Read, A.F. & Thomas, M.B. (2012). Evaluating the lethal and pre-lethal effects of a range of fungi against adult mosquitoes. Malaria Journal 11: 365.

Cator, L.J., Lynch, P.A., Read, A.F. & Thomas, M.B. (2012). Do malaria parasites manipulate mosquitoes? Trends in Parasitology 28: 466-470.

Thomas, M.B., Godfray, H.C.J., Read, A.F., van den Berg, H., Tabashnik, B.E., van Lenteren, J.C., Waage, J.K. & Takken, W. (2012). Lessons from agriculture for the sustainable management of malaria vectors. PLoS Medicine 9(7): e1001262.

Barbarin A.M, Jenkins N.E., Rajotte E.G. & Thomas M.B. (2012). A preliminary evaluation of the potential of Beauveria bassiana for bed bug control. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 111: 82-85.

Murdock, C.C., Paaijmans, K.P., Bell, A.S., King, J., Hillyer, J.F., Read, A.F. & Thomas, M.B. (2012). Complex effects of temperature on mosquito immune function. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B. 279: 3357-3366

Darbro, J.M., Johnson, P., Thomas, M.B., Ritchie, S., Kay, B.H. & Ryan, P.A. (2012). Effects of Beauveria bassiana on survival, blood-feeding success and fecundity of Aedes aegypti in laboratory and semi-field conditions. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 86: 656-664. 

Paaijmans, K.P., Blanford, S., Chan, B.K. & Thomas, M.B. (2012). Warmer temperatures reduce the vectorial capacity of malaria mosquitoes. Biology Letters.  8: 465-468.

Das, A., Anvikar, A.R., Cator, L.J., Dhiman, R.C., Eapen, A., Mishra, N., Nagpal, B.N., Nanda, N., Raghavendra, K., Read, A.F., Sharma, S.K., Singh, O.P., Singh, V., Sinnis, P., Srivastav, H.C., Sullivan, S.A., Sutton, P.L.Thomas, M.B., Carlton, J.M., Valecha, N. (2012). Malaria in India: The Center for the Study of Complex Malaria in India. Acta Tropica. 121: 267– 273.


2011 Go back to top

Paaijmans, K.P. & Thomas, M.B. (2011). Health: Wealth versus warming. Nature Climate Change. 1: 349-350. 

Glunt, K.D., Thomas, M.B. & Read, A.F. (2011). The effects of age, exposure history and malaria infection on the susceptibility of Anopheles mosquitoes to low concentrations of pyrethroid. PLoS One. 6(9): e24968.

Blanford S., Shi W., Christian R, Marden, J.H., Koekemoer, L.L., Brooke, B.D., Coetzee, M., Read, A.F. & Thomas, M.B. (2011). Lethal and pre-lethal effects of a fungal biopesticide contribute to substantial and rapid control of malaria vectors. PLoS One. 6(8): e23591.

George J., Blanford, S., Domingue, M.J., Thomas, M.B., Read, A.F. & Baker T.C. (2011). Reduction in host-finding behaviour in fungus-infected mosquitoes is correlated with reduction in olfactory receptor neuron responsiveness. Malaria Journal 10:219.

Paaijmans, K.P. & Thomas, M.B. (2011). The influence of mosquito resting behaviour and associated microclimate for malaria risk. Malaria Journal 10:183.

Darbro, J.M, Graham,R.I., Kay,B.H., Ryan,P.A. & Thomas,M.B. (2011). Evaluation of entomopathogenic fungi as potential biological control agents of the dengue mosquito, Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). Biocontrol Science and Technology 21: 1027-1047.

Anderson, R.D., Bell, A.S., Blanford, S., Paaijmans, K.P. & Thomas, M.B. (2011). Comparative virulence and growth kinetics of four different isolates of entompathogenic fungi in the house fly Musca domestica L. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 107: 179-184. 

Lambrechts, L., Paaijmans, K.P., Fansiri, T., Carrington, L.B., Kramer, L.D., Thomas, M.B. & Scott, T.W. (2011). Impact of daily temperature fluctuations on dengue virus transmission by Aedes aegypti. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 108: 7460-7465. (SI)

Rohr, J.R., Dobson, A.P., Johnson, P.T.J., Kilpatrick, A.M., Paull, S.H., Raffel, T.R., Ruiz-Moreno, D. & Thomas, M.B. (2011). Frontiers in climate change-disease research. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 26: 270-277.

Cook, D.C., Fraser, R.W., Waage, J.K. & Thomas, M.B. (2011). Prioritising biosecurity investment between agricultural and environmental systems. Journal of Consumer Protection and Food Safety 6: S3–S13.

Farenhorst, M., Hilhorst, A., Thomas, M.B. & Knols, B.G.J. (2011). Development of fungal applications on netting substrates for malaria vector control. Journal of Medical Entomology 48: 305-313.


2010 Go back to top

Paini,D.R., Worner, S.P., Cook, D.C., De Barro, P.J. & Thomas, M.B. (2010). Threat of invasive pests from within national borders. Nature Communications 1:115.

Howard, A.F.V., N’Guessan, R. Koenraadt, C.J.M, Asidi, A., Farenhorst, M., Akogbéto, M., Thomas, MB, Knols, B.G.J. & Takken, W. (2010). The entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana reduces instantaneous blood feeding in wild multi-insecticide-resistant Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes in Benin, West Africa. Parasites & Vectors 3:87.

Paaijmans, K.P., Blanford, S., Bell, A.S., Blanford, J.I., Read, A.F. & Thomas, M.B. (2010). Influence of climate on malaria transmission depends on daily temperature variation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107: 15135–15139. (SI)

Farenhorst, M., Knols, B.G.J., Thomas, M.B., Howard, A.F.V., Takken, W., Rowland, M. & N’Guessan R. (2010). Synergy in efficacy of fungal entomopathogens and permethrin against West African insecticide-resistant Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes. PLoS ONE 5(8): e12081.

Paaijmans, K.P., Imbahale, S.S., Thomas, M.B. & Takken, W. (2010). Relevant microclimate for determining the development rate of malaria mosquitoes and possible implications of climate change. Malaria Journal 9:196.

Kikankie, C.K., Brooke, B.D., Knols, B.G.J., Koekemoer, L.L., Farenhorst, M., Hunt, R.H., Thomas, M.B. & Coetzee, M. (2010). The infectivity of the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana to insecticide-resistant and susceptible Anopheles arabiensis mosquitoes at two different temperatures. Malaria Journal 9:71.

Paini, D.R., Worner, S.P., Cook, D.C., De Barro, P.J. & Thomas, M.B. (2010). Using a self organising map to predict invasive species: sensitivity to data errors and a comparison with expert opinion. Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 290-298.


2009 Go back to top

Koella, J.C., Lynch, P.A., Thomas, M.B. & Read, A.F. (2009). Towards evolution-proof malaria control with insecticides. Evolutionary Applications 2: 469-480.

Farenhorst, M., Mouatcho, J.C., Kikankie, C.K., Brooke, B.D., Hunt, R.H., Thomas, M.B., Koekemoer, L.L., Knols, B.G.J. & Coetzee, M. (2009). Fungal infection counters insecticide resistance in African malaria mosquitoes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106: 17443–17447. (SI)

Paaijmans, K.P., Read, A.F. & Thomas, M.B. (2009). Understanding the link between malaria risk and climate. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106: 13844–13849. (SI)

Cardinale, B., Duffy, E., Srivastava, D., Loreau, M., Thomas, M.B. & Emmerson, M. (2009). Towards a food-web perspective on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. In: Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective (S. Naeem, D. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau and C. Perrings, eds.). Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp 105-120.

Jackson, L.E., Rosenstock, T., Thomas, M.B., Wright, J. & Symstad, A. (2009). Managed ecosystems: biodiversity and ecosystem functions in landscapes modified by human use. In: Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective (S. Naeem, D. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau and C. Perrings, eds.). Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp 178-194.

Ostfeld, R.S., Thomas, M.B. & Keesing, F. (2009). Biodiversity and ecosystem function: perspectives on disease. In: Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective (S. Naeem, D. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau and C. Perrings, eds.). Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp 209-216.

Engelhardt, K., Symstad, A., Prieur-Richard, A-H., Thomas, M.B. & Bunker, D.E. (2009). Opening communities to colonization – The impacts of invaders on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. In: Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective (S. Naeem, D. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau and C. Perrings, eds.). Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp 217-229.

Darbro, J., & Thomas, M.B. (2009). Spore persistence and likely aeroallergenicity of entomopathogenic fungi used for mosquito control. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 80, 992-997.

Blanford, S., Read, A.F. & Thomas, M.B. (2009). Thermal behaviour of Anopheles stephensi in response to infection with malaria and fungal entomopathogens. Malaria Journal 8:71.

Read, A.F., Lynch, P.A. & Thomas, M.B. (2009). How to make evolution-proof insecticides for malaria control. PLoS Biology 7(4).

Bell, A.S., Blanford, S., Jenkins, N.E., Thomas, M.B. & Read, A.F. (2009). Real-time quantitative PCR for analysis of candidate fungal biopesticides against malaria: technique validation and first applications. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 100, 160-169.

Thomas, M.B., Lafferty, K.D. & Friedman, C.S. (2009). Biodiversity and disease. In: Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Eds. Sala, O., Meyerson, L.A. and Parmesan, C. Island Press, Washington, pp 229-244.

Wilby, A., Mitchell, C., Blumenthal, D., Daszak, P., Friedman, C.S., Jutro, P., Mazumder, A., Prieur-Richard, A-H., Desprez-Loustau, M.L., Sharma, M. & Thomas, M.B. (2009). Biodiversity, food provision and human well-being. In: Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Eds. Sala, O., Meyerson, L.A. and Parmesan, C. Island Press, Washington, pp 13-40.

Meyerson, L.M., Sala, O., Froment, A., Friedman, C.S., Hund-Rinke, K., Martens, P., Mazumder, A., Purohit, A., Thomas, M.B. & Wilby A. (2009). Allocation of biodiversity to sustainably improve human health and well-being. In: Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Eds. Sala, O., Meyerson, L.A. and Parmesan, C. Island Press, Washington, pp 83-98.

Yokomizo, H., Possingham, H.P., Thomas, M.B. & Buckley, Y.M. (2009). Managing the impact of invasive species: the value of knowing the density–impact curve. Ecological Applications 19, 376-386.

Read, A.F. & Thomas, M.B. (2009). Mosquitoes cut short. Science 323, 51-52.

Hancock, P.A., Thomas, M.B., Godfray, H.C.J. (2009). An age-structured model to evaluate the potential of novel malaria-control interventions: a case study of fungal biopesticide sprays. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 276, 71-80.


2008 Go back to top

Griffiths, G.J.K., Wilby, A., Crawley, M.J. & Thomas, M.B. (2008). Density-dependent effects of predator species-richness in diversity-function studies. Ecology 89, 2986–2993.

Baker, R.H.A., Black, R., Copp, G.H., Hulme, P.E. Haysom, K.A., Thomas, M.B. et al. (2008). The UK risk assessment scheme for all non-native species. In: Biological Invasions. Eds. Rabitsch, W., F. Essl and F. Klingenstein. pp 46-57.

Baker, R.H.A., Black, R., Copp, G.H., Hulme, P.E. Haysom, K.A., Thomas, M.B. et al. (2008). Developing a risk assessment scheme for all UK non-native species. Neobiota 7, 46-57.

Griffiths, G.J.K., Holland, J.M., Bailey, A. & Thomas, M.B. (2008). The efficacy and economics of shelter habitats for conservation biological control. Biological Control 45, 200-209.


2007 Go back to top

Lawrence, L., Reid, A.M. & Thomas, M.B. (2007). Gauging the effectiveness of biocontrol programmes. Farming Ahead 191, 28-30.

Lawrence, L., Reid, A.M. & Thomas, M.B. (2007). Assessing the effectiveness of biological control in controlling invasive species. Outlooks on Pest Management 18, 219-221.

Cook, D.C., Thomas, M.B., Cunningham, S.A., Anderson, D.L. & De Barro, P.J. (2007). Predicting the economic impact of an invasive species on an ecosystem service. Ecological Applications 17, 1832-1840.

Thomas, M.B. & Read, A.F. (2007). Fungal bioinsecticide with a sting. Nature Biotechnology 25, 1367-1368.

Thomas, M.B. & Reid, A.M. (2007). Are exotic natural enemies an effective means for controlling invasive plants? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 22, 447-453.

Klass, J.I., Blanford, S. & Thomas, M.B. (2007). Development of a model for evaluating the effects of environmental temperature and thermal behaviour on biological control of locusts and grasshoppers using pathogens. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 9, 189-199.

Klass, J.I., Blanford, S. & Thomas, M.B. (2007). Use of a geographic information system to explore spatial variation in pathogen virulence and the implications for biological control of locusts and grasshoppers. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 9, 201-208.

Stevens, C.J., Fraser, I., Mitchely, J.M. & Thomas, M.B. (2007). Making ecological science policy-relevant: issues of scale and disciplinary integration. Landscape Ecology 22, 799-809.

Thomas, M.B. & Read, A.F. (2007). Can fungal biopesticides control malaria? Nature Reviews Microbiology 5, 377-383.

Wilby, A. & Thomas, M.B. (2007). Diversity and pest management in agroecosystems – some perspectives from ecology. In: Managing biodiversity in agricultural ecosystems. Eds. Jarvis, D.I., Padoch, C. and Cooper, H.D. Columbia University Press, New York, pp 269-291.


2006 Go back to top

Knols, B. & Thomas, M.B. (2006). Fungal entomopathogens for adult mosquito control – a look at the prospects. Outlooks on Pest Management 17, 257-260.

Thomas, M.B., Arthurs, S.P. & Watson, E.L. (2006). Trophic and guild interactions and the influence of multiple species on disease. In: Trophic and Guild Interactions in Biological Control (Eds. Brodeur, J. and Boivin G.). Springer, Dordrecht, pp 101-122.

Casula, P., Wilby, A. & Thomas, M.B. (2006). Understanding biodiversity effects on prey in multi-enemy systems. Ecology Letters 9, 995-1004.

Wilby, A., Lan, L.P., Heong, K.L., Huyen, N.P.D., Quang, N.H., Minh, N.V. & Thomas, M.B. (2006). Arthropod diversity and community structure in relation to land use in the Mekong delta, Vietnam. Ecosystems 9, 538-549.


2005 Go back to top

Wilby, A. & Thomas, M.B. (2005). Biodiversity and the Functioning of Selected Terrestrial Ecosystems: Agricultural Systems. In: UNESCO Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems.

Thomas, M.B., Blanford, S., Jenkins, N.E., Killeen, G.F., Knols, B.G.J., Read, A.F., Schlote, E-J., Takken, W. (2005). Benefits and risks in malaria control. Science 310, 50.

Baker, R.H.A., Black, R., Copp, G.H., Hulme, P.E. Haysom, K.A. & Thomas, M.B. (2005). Standard methodology to assess the risks from non-native species considered possible problems to the environment. website

Blanford, S., Chan, B.H.K., Jenkins, N.E., Sim, D., Turner, R.J., Read, A.F. & Thomas, M.B. (2005). Fungal pathogen reduces potential for malaria transmission. Science 308, 1638-1641. (SI)

Elliot, S.L., Blanford, S., Horton, C. & Thomas, M.B. (2005). Impacts of fever on locust life history traits: cost or benefit? Biology Letters 1, 181-184.

Springate, S & Thomas, M.B. (2005). Thermal Biology of the Meadow Grasshopper, Chorthippus parallelus, and the implications for resistance to disease. Ecological Entomology 30, 724-732.

Van Rijn, P.C.J., Burgio, G. & Thomas, M.B. (2005). Impact of intraspecific and intraguild predation on predator invasion and coexistence. Can exotic ladybeetles displace native species? In: Second International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods. M.S. Hoddle (ed.), USDA Forest Service Publication, pp. 38-47.

Wilby, A., Villareal, S.C., Lan, L.P. , Heong, K.L & Thomas, M.B. (2005). Functional benefits of predator species diversity depend on prey identity. Ecological Entomology 30, 497-501.


2004 Go back to top

Thomas, M.B. & Kooyman, C. (2004). Locust Biopesticides: a Tale of Two Continents. Biocontrol News and Information 25, 47N-51N.

Thomas, M.B., Casula, P. & Wilby, A. (2004). Biological control and indirect effects. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19, 61.

MacLeod, A., Wratten, S.D., Sotherton, N.W. & Thomas, M.B. (2004) ‘Beetle banks’ as refuges for beneficial arthropods in farmland: long-term changes in predator communities and habitat. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 6, 147-154.


2003 Go back to top

Thomas, M.B. & Blanford, S. (2003). Thermal biology in insect-pathogen interactions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18, 344-350.

Thomas, M.B. & Lynch, L.D. (2003). Ecological insights into factors affecting the non-target impact of microbial control agents. In: Environmental Impacts of Microbial Insecticides: Need and Methods for Risk Assessment (Ed. by H.M.T Hokkanen and A.E. Hajek). Kluwer. pp 221-236.

Thomas, M.B., Watson. E.L. & Valverde-Garcia, P. (2003). Mixed infections and insect-pathogen interactions. Ecology Letters 6, 183-188.

Arthurs, S.P., Thomas, M.B. & Langewald, J. (2003). Field observations of the effects of fenitrothion and Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum on non-target ground dwelling arthropods in the Sahel. Biological Control 26, 333-340.

Blanford, S., Thomas, M.B., Pugh, C. & Pell, J.K. (2003). Temperature checks the Red Queen? Resistance and virulence in a fluctuating environment. Ecology Letters 6, 2-5.

Elliot, S.L., Blanford, S., Horton, C. & Thomas, M.B. (2003). Fever and phenotype: Transgenerational effect of disease on desert locust phase state. Ecology Letters 6, 830-836.

Hokkanen, H.M.T., Bigler, F., Burgio, G., van Lenteren, J.C., & Thomas, M.B. (2003). Ecological risk assessment framework for biological control. In: Environmental Impacts of Microbial Insecticides: Need and Methods for Risk Assessment (Ed. by H.M.T Hokkanen and A.E. Hajek). Kluwer. pp 1-14.

Stacey, D.A., Thomas, M.B., Blanford, S., Pell., J.K., Pugh, C. & Fellowes, M.D.E. (2003). Genotype and temperature influence pea aphid resistance to a fungal entomopathogen. Physiological Entomology 28, 75-81.

van Lenteren, J.C., Babendreier, D., Bigler, F., Burgio, G., Hokkanen, H.M.T., Loomans, A., Menzler-Hokkanen, I., van Rijn, P.C.J., Thomas, M.B. & Tommasini, G. (2003). Environmental risk assessment of exotic natural enemies used in inundative biological control. BioControl 48, 3-38.

van Lenteren, J.C., Babendreier, D., Bigler, F., Burgio, G., Hokkanen, H.M.T., Loomans, A., Menzler-Hokkanen, I., Thomas, M.B., Tommasini, G. & van Rijn, P.C.J. (2003). Regulation of import and release of mass produced natural enemies: a risk assessment approach. In: Quality Control of Natural Enemies (Ed. by J.C. van Lenteren). CABI, Wallingford, Oxon, pp. 191-214.

Quinlan, M.M., Mumford, J.D., Waage, J.K. and Thomas, M. (2003) Proposals for revision of code of conduct. Biocontrol News and Information, 24: 1N-3N.


2002 Go back to top

Elliot, S.L., Blanford, S. & Thomas, M.B. (2002). Host-pathogen interactions in a varying environment: temperature, behavioural fever and fitness. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 269, 1599-1607.

Gardner, S.N. & Thomas, M.B. (2002). Costs and benefits of fighting infection in locusts. Evolutionary Ecology Research 4, 109-131.

Lynch, L.D., Ives, A.R., Waage, J.K., Hochberg, M.E. & Thomas, M.B. (2002). The risks of biocontrol: transient impacts and minimum nontarget densities. Ecological Applications 12, 1872-1882.

Wilby A. & Thomas, M.B. (2002). Natural enemy diversity and pest control: patterns of pest emergence with agricultural intensification. Ecology Letters 5, 353-360.

Wilby, A. & Thomas, M.B. (2002). Are the ecological concepts of assembly and function of biodiversity useful frameworks for understanding natural pest control? Agricultural and Forest Entomology 4, 237-243.

Wilson, K., Thomas, M.B., Blanford, S., Dogget, M.J., Simpson, S.J. & Moore, S.L. & (2002). Coping with crowds: density-dependent disease resistance in desert locusts. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 99, 5471-5475.


2001 Go back to top

Thomas, M.B. (2001). Insect germ warfare. NERC News, Summer 2001, pp. 16-17.

Arthurs, S. P. & Thomas, M.B. (2001). Effects of temperature and relative humidity on sporulation of Metarhizium anisopliae var acridum in mycosed cadavers of Schistocerca gregaria. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 78, 59-65. 

Arthurs, S.P. & Thomas, M.B. (2001). Investigation into behavioural changes in Schistocerca gregaria following infection with a mycoinsecticide: implications for susceptibility to predation. Ecological Entomology 26, 227-234.

Arthurs, S. P. & Thomas, M.B. (2001). Effect of dose, pre-mortem host incubation temperature and thermal behaviour on host mortality and mycosis and sporulation of Metarhizium anisopliae var acridum in Schistocerca gregaria. Biocontrol Science and Technology 11, 411-420.

Arthurs, S. P., Thomas, M.B. & Lawton, J. L. (2001). Seasonal patterns of persistence and infectivity of Metarhizium anisopliae var acridum in grasshopper cadavers in the Sahel. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 100, 69-76.

Blanford, S. & Thomas, M.B. (2001). Adult survival, maturation and reproduction of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria, infected with Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 78, 1-8.

Lomer, C.J., Bateman, R.P., Johnson, D.L., Langewald, J. & Thomas, M.B. (2001). Biological control of locusts and grasshoppers. Annual Review of Entomology 46, 667 – 702.

Lynch, L.D., Hokkanen, H.M.T., Babendreier, D., Bigler, F., Burgio, G., Gao, Z.-H., Kuske, S., Loomans, A., Menzler-Hokkanen, I., Thomas, M.B., Tommasini, G., Waage, J., van Lenteren, J.C., Zeng, Q.-Q. (2001). Indirect effects in the biological control of arthropods. In: Evaluating Indirect Ecological Effects of Biological Control (Ed. by E. Wajnberg, J.C. Scott & P.C. Quimby). CABI, Wallingford, Oxon, pp. 99-126.

Wilson, J.R., Rees, M., Holst, N., Thomas, M.B. & Hill, G. (2001). Population dynamics of water hyacinth. Biological and Integrated Control of Water Hyacinth, ACIAR Proceedings No. 102, 96-104.

Thomas, M.B. (2000). Development of a mycoinsecticide for biological control of locusts in Southern Africa. In: Research Priorities for Migrant Pests of Agriculture in Southern Africa (Ed. By R.A. Cheke, L.J. Rosenberg, Kieser, M.E.). Proceedings of a DFID/NRI/ARC-PPRI workshop, Pretoria, South Africa, 24-26 March 1999. Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK, pp. 173-182.


2000 Go back to top

Thomas, M.B., Klass, J. & Blanford, S. (2000). The year of the locust. Pesticide Outlook 11, 192-195.

Thomas, M.B. (2000). Locust control: Europe learns from Africa. Biocontrol News and Information 21, 29N.

Thomas, M.B., Cory, J., Myers, J. & Lynch, L.D. (2000). Indirect and non-target effects of biological control. Biocontrol News and Information 21, 14N-16N.

Arthurs, S. & Thomas, M.B. (2000). Effects of a mycoinsecticide on feeding and fecundity of the brown locust, Locustana pardalina. Biocontrol Science and Technology 10, 321-329.

Blanford, S. & Thomas, M.B. (2000). Thermal Behavior of Two Acridid Species: Effects of Habitat and Season on Body Temperature and the Potential Impact on Biocontrol with Pathogens. Environmental Entomology 29, 1060-1069.

Blanford, S., Thomas, M.B. & Langewald, J. (2000). Thermal ecology of Zonocerus variegatus and its effect on biocontrol using pathogens. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 2, 3-10.

Lynch, L.D. & Thomas, M.B. (2000). Nontarget effects in the biocontrol of insects using insects, nematodes and microbial agents: the evidence. Biocontrol News and Information 21, 117N-130N.


Publications before 2000 Go back to top

Thomas, M.B. (1999). Ecological approaches and the development of ‘truly integrated’ pest management. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 96, 5944-5951.

Thomas, M.B. & Blanford, S. (1999). How much do we value applied environmental research? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14, 71.

Thomas, M.B. & Kedwards, T.J. (Eds.) (1999). Aspects of Applied Biology 53, Challenges in Applied Population Biology. Association of Applied Biologists, HRI, Wellesbourne.

Thomas, M.B., Wood, S.N. & Solorzano, V. (1999). Application of insect-pathogen models to biological control. In: Theoretical Approaches to Biological Control (Ed. by B.A. Hawkins & H.V. Cornell). University Press, Cambridge, pp 368-384.

Arthurs, S.P. & Thomas, M.B. (1999). Factors affecting horizontal transmission of entomopathogenic fungi in locusts and grasshoppers. Aspects of Applied Biology 53, Challenges in Applied Population Biology, 89-98.

Blanford, S. & Thomas, M.B. (1999). Role of thermal biology in disease dynamics. Aspects of Applied Biology 53, Challenges in Applied Population Biology, 73-82.

Blanford, S. & Thomas, M.B. (1999). Host thermal biology: the key to understanding insect-pathogen interactions and microbial pest control? Agricultural and Forest Entomology 1, 195-202.

Wood, S.N. & Thomas, M.B. (1999). Super-sensitivity to structure in biological models. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 266, 565-570.

Willis, A.J., Thomas, M.B. & Lawton, J.H. (1999). Is the increased vigour of invasive weeds explained by a trade-off between growth and herbivore resistance? Oecologia 120, 588-594.

Watson, E., Jenkins, N.E. & Thomas, M.B. (1999). Variability and adaptability of mitosporic fungi selected for biocontrol of insect pests. Aspects of Applied Biology 53, Challenges in Applied Population Biology, 113-118.

Lomer, C.J., Bateman, R.P., Dent, D., De Groote, H., O.-K. Douro-Kpindou, Kooyman, C., Langewald, J., Ouambama, Z., Peveling, R. & Thomas, M.B. (1999). Development of strategies for the incorporation of biological pesticides into the integrated management of locusts and grasshoppers. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 1, 71-88.

Thomas, M.B. & Blanford, S. (1998). Current and future strategies for locust and grasshopper control. Pesticide Outlook 9, 13-16.

Thomas, M.B. & Willis, A.J. (1998). Biocontrol – risky but necessary? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 13, 325-329.

Thomas, M.B., Blanford, S., Gbongboui, C. & Lomer, C.J. (1988). Experimental studies to evaluate spray applications of a mycoinsecticide against the rice grasshopper, Hieroglyphus daganensis, in northern Benin. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 87, 93-102.

Blanford, S., Thomas, M.B. & Langewald, J. (1998). Behavioural fever in a population of the Sengalese grasshopper, Oedaleus senegalensis, and its implications for biological control using pathogens. Ecological Entomology 23, 9-14.

Wratten, S.D., van Emden, H.F. & Thomas, M.B. (1998). Within-field and border refugia for the enhancement of natural enemies. In: Enhancing Biological Control – Habitat Management to Promote Natural Enemies of Agricultural Pests (Ed. by C.H. Pickett & R.L. Bugg). Ag Access Corporation / John Wiley Ltd, pp 375-403.

Thomas, M.B. & Jenkins, N.E. (1997). Effects of temperature on growth of Metarhizium flavoviride and virulence to the variegated grasshopper, Zonocerus variegatus. Mycological Research 101, 1469-1474.

Thomas, M.B. & Waage, J.K. (1997). Integration of biological control and host plant resistance breeding for insect pests. In: Integrating Host Plant Resistance and Biological Control, pp 187-218. Proceedings of a CTA/IAR/IIBC Seminar, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 9-14 October 1995. Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Co-operation of the European Union (CTA), Wageningen, Netherlands.

Thomas, M.B. & Wood, S.N. (1997). Fungal ecology and its application to the practical use of mycoinsecticides. In: BPBC Symposium Proceedings No. 68, Microbial Insecticides: Novelty or Necessity? pp. 63-72.

Thomas, M.B., Blanford, S. & Lomer, C.J. (1997). Reduction of feeding by the variegated grasshopper, Zonocerus variegatus, following infection by the fungal pathogen, Metarhizium flavoviride. Biocontrol Science and Technology 7, 327-334.

Thomas, M.B., Wood, S.N., Langewald, J. & Lomer, C.J. (1997). Persistence of biopesticides and consequences for biological control of grasshoppers and locusts. Pesticide Science 49, 47-55.

Langewald, J., Thomas, M.B., Lomer, C.J. & Douro-Kpindou, O.K. (1997). Use of Metarhizium flavoviride for control of Zonocerus variegatus : A model relating mortality in caged field samples with disease development in the field. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 82, 1-8.

Lomer, C.J., Thomas, M.B., Godonou, I., Shah, P., Douro-Kpindou, O.-K. & Langewald, J. (1997). Control of grasshoppers, particularly Hieroglyphus daganensis, in northern Benin using Metarhizium flavoviride. In: Microbial Control of Grasshoppers and Locusts (Ed. by M.S. Goettel & D.L. Johnson). pp. 301-311. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada.

Smith, M.C., Reeder, R.H. & Thomas, M.B. (1997). A model to determine the potential for biological control of Rottboellia cochinchinensis with the head smut Sporisorium ophiuri. Journal of Applied Ecology 34, 388-398.

Kooyman, C., Bateman, R.P., Langewald, J., Lomer, C.J., Ouambama, Z, & Thomas, M.B. (1997). Operational-scale application of entomopathogenic fungi for control of Sahelian grasshoppers. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 264, 541-546.

Thomas, M.B. & Waage, J.K. (1996). Integration of Biological Control and Host Plant Resistance Breeding – A Scientific and Literature Review, 99 pp. Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Co-operation of the European Union (CTA), Wageningen, Netherlands.

Thomas, M.B., Gbongboui, C. & Lomer, C.J. (1996). Between-season survival of the grasshopper pathogen Metarhizium flavoviride in the Sahel. Biocontrol Science and Technology 6, 569-573.

Thomas, M.B., Langewald, J. & Wood, S.N. (1996). Evaluating the effects of a biopesticide on populations of the variegated grasshopper, Zonocerus variegatus. Journal of Applied Ecology 33, 1509-1516.

Bateman, R.P. & Thomas, M.B. (1996). Pathogen application against locusts and grasshoppers: insecticide or biological control? Antenna 20, 10-15.

Jenkins, N.E. & Thomas, M.B. (1996). Effect of formulation and application method on the efficacy of aerial and submerged conidia of Metarhizium flavoviride for locust and grasshopper control. Pesticide Science 46, 299-306.

Wood, S.N. & Thomas, M.B. (1996). Space, time and persistence of virulent pathogens. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 263, 673-680.

Reeder, R.H., Ellison, C.A. & Thomas, M.B. (1996). Population dynamic aspects of the interaction between the weed Rottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) and the potential biological control agent Sporisorium ophiuri (head smut). In: Proceedings of the IX International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds (Ed. by V.C. Moran & J.E. Hoffmann), pp. 205-211. University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Thomas, M.B., Wood, S.N. & Lomer, C.J. (1995). Biological control of locusts and grasshoppers using a fungal pathogen: the importance of secondary cycling. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 259, 265-270.

Dennis, P., Thomas, M.B. & Sotherton, N.W. (1994). Structural features of field boundaries which influence the overwintering densities of beneficial arthropod predators. Journal of Applied Ecology 31, 361-370.

Hawkins, B.A., Hochberg, M.E. & Thomas, M.B. (1994). Biological control and refuge theory. Science 265, 812-813.

Hawkins, B.A., Thomas, M.B. & Hochberg, M.E. (1993). Refuge theory and biological control. Science 262, 1429-1432.

Dennis, P., Fry, G.L.A. & Thomas, M.B. (1993). The effects of reduced doses of insecticide on aphids and their natural enemies in oats. Norwegian Journal of Agricultural Science 7, 311-325.

Thomas, M.B., Mitchell, H.J. & Wratten, S.D. (1992). Abiotic and biotic factors influencing winter distribution of predatory insects on farmland. Oecologia 89, 78-84.

Thomas, M.B., Wratten, S.D. & Sotherton, N.W. (1992). Creation of island habitats in farmland to manipulate populations of beneficial arthropods: predator densities and species composition. Journal of Applied Ecology 29, 524-531.

Thomas, M.B., Sotherton, N.W., Coombes, D.S. & Wratten, S.D. (1992). Habitat factors influencing the distribution of polyphagous predatory insects between field boundaries. Annals of Applied Biology 120, 197-202.

Thomas, M.B. (1991). Management of fields and field boundaries to encourage natural enemies of cereal aphids. Game Conservancy Annual Review of 1990, 69-70

Thomas, M.B., Wratten, S.D. & Sotherton, N.W. (1991). Creation of island habitats in farmland to manipulate populations of beneficial arthropods: predator densities and emigration. Journal of Applied Ecology 28, 906-917.

Thomas, M.B. (1990). The effect of man-made grassy habitats for enhancing carabid populations in arable land. In: The Role of Carabid Beetles in Ecology and Environmental Studies (Ed. by N.E. Stork), pp 77-86. Intercept, Andover, Hampshire.

Thomas, M.B. & Wratten, S.D. (1990). Ecosystem diversification to encourage natural enemies of cereal aphids. Brighton Crop Protection Conference – Pests & Diseases 2, 691-696.

Wratten, S.D. & Thomas, M.B. (1990). Environmental manipulation for the encouragement of natural enemies of pests. In: BPBC Monograph No. 45, Organic and Low Input Agriculture, pp 87-92.

Thomas, M.B. (1989). The creation of island habitats to enhance populations of beneficial insects. Brighton Crop Protection Conference – Weeds 3, 1097-1102.

Boatman, N., Dover, J., Wilson, P., Thomas, M.B. & Cowgill, S. (1989). Modifications of farming practice at field margins to encourage wildlife and promote pest control. In Biological Habitat Construction (Ed. by G.P. Buckley), pp 299-311. Belhaven Press, London.

Thomas, M.B. & Wratten, S.D. (1988). Manipulating the arable crop environment to enhance the activity of predatory insects. Aspects of Applied Biology 17, 57-66.